The new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)

The huge avalanche of information resources that give life to the Internet laid the foundations on which many investigations coincided in predicting radical changes in institutions. In the last decade, the massive media systems have undergone changes due to the development and diffusion of new information technologies and Internet communications.

What are the ICT?

Information and communication technologies (ICT) is a broad term used to designate what is related to Internet-connected computing, and especially the social aspect of these. Having its beginnings in the decade of the 90's where it was mainly used by the scientific community and later it becomes of universal use, the Internet modified the guidelines for social interaction.

The new information and communication technologies designate a set of technological innovations but also be a tools that allow a radical redefinition of the functioning of society.

In review, the new ICT are all the computing tools that process, store, synthesize, recover and present information in the most varied way, through a set of channels for the treatment and access to information, an example of this would be the blogs, the podcast and the web.

Along with the growth of the Internet network has emerged a new kind of poverty that separates developing countries from information, as well as people dividing the rich from the poor, the young from the old, the urban dwellers and the rural ones and differentiating at all times the women from the men.

Disparities in the dissemination and use of ICTs, imply a risk of widening the "digital breach" between "rich and poor" users of technology.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the use of ICTs in the development of human activities.

Advantages:

  • They offer great benefits and advances in health and education.
  • They empower people and societies through support and exchange networks.
  • They support Small and Medium Enterprises to present and sell their products through the Internet.
  • They allow interactive learning and distance education.
  • They impart new knowledge and skills for many employees.
  • They offer new forms of work, such as teleworking.
  • Access to the flow of knowledge and information to improve people's lives.
  • Accuracy.
  • Lower costs
  • Lower risks

Disadvantages:

  • Lack of privacy.
  • Personal isolation
  • Fraud.
  • Lack of employment
  • Fake information.
  • Danger for minors.
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