The Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept that is becoming increasingly relevant throughout the social environment, but it still does not end up fitting well.
It is a term we hear constantly talk about. The idea he tries to represent is quite well illustrated by his name, everyday things that connect to the Internet, but in reality it is much more than that.
The idea of making all everyday objects a little more interactive, such as a smart home, smart cities, smart schools, where everyday objects have evolved in such a way that they can be evolved and connect directly to the internet has been created for approximately 30 years.
The Internet of things powers objects that were formerly connected by closed circuit, such as communicators, cameras, sensors, and so on, and allows them to communicate globally through the use of the network.
It is like a network that interconnects physical objects within a space, using the internet, where we can program specific events and tasks that can be dictated remotely from some other device. A clear example is the CCTV cameras that from a Smartphone you can turn on, off, watch in real time or even view previous days of recording, without having to be in the same place of the camera.
There is no specific type of objects connected to the Internet of things. Instead they can be classified as objects that function as sensors and objects that perform active actions. Of course, there are those that fulfill both functions simultaneously.
In any case, the principle is the same and the key is remote operation. Each of the objects connected to the Internet has a specific IP and through that IP can be accessed for instructions. You can also contact an external server and send the data you collect.
Unlike some much more popular technologies among the masses, the Internet of things has not found its focus of explosion in the consumer market.
Even so, we have seen how large companies such as Apple and Google have already started with this improvement by presenting their connection systems such as ALEXA and Google HOME.
The private sector has benefited more in recent years and has become more popular with respect to the internet of things. As the following examples.
Environmental control: one of the areas in which IoT is having more success, since it allows access from virtually anywhere to information on atmospheric, meteorological, and seismic sensors, even if you use it from your Smartphone.
Production industry: assembly robots, temperature sensors, production control, everything is connected to the Internet in more and more companies, which allows centralizing infrastructure control.
Control of urban infrastructure: control of traffic lights, bridges, train tracks, urban cameras. More and more cities are implementing this type of infrastructure based on the Internet of Things that allow them to monitor the proper functioning of their structures, in addition to adapting their operation more flexibly to new events.
Health sector: more and more clinics and hospitals around the world rely on systems that allow health personnel to actively monitor patients on an outpatient and non-invasive basis.
There are other sectors that have benefited from IoT such as transport, the energy industry, commercial sectors and even homes.